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Evening primrose oil (EPO): TRADE NAMESPrimosa (Solaray), Golden Primrose (Carlson Laboratories), Mega Primrose Oil (Twinlab), Ultra EPO (Nature's Plus), Veg Evening Primrose Oil (Health From the Sun), My Favorite Evening Primrose Oil (Natrol), Royal Brittany Evening Primrose Oil (American Health).
Evening primrose oil (EPO) is derived from the seeds of the evening primrose plant also known as Oenthera biennis. The evening primrose is native to North America, where it is regarded as a weed. This biennial plant is thought to be a complex of several closely related species belonging to the Onagraceae family.
EPO is a rich source of the long-chain fatty acid gamma-linolenic acid (GLA). The health benefits of EPO are attributed to GLA. GLA is an unusual constituent of living matter and is found in very few plants. These include, in addition to evening primrose, black currant, borage and hemp. GLA content in EPO ranges from approximately 7 to 14%. Typical EPO supplements contain about 9% GLA.
EPO may have anti-inflammatory and antithrombotic activities.
EPO appears to be effective in some cases of rheumatoid arthritis and may be indicated in some other inflammatory disorders, such as Sjogren's syndrome and ulcerative colitis. Possible other indications include diabetic neuropathy, osteoporosis, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), hypertension and elevated serum lipids. EPO has been used with some preliminary success in some cancers, principally cerebral gliomas. It has not proved useful for tardive dyskinesia, premenstrual syndrome or menopausal flushing. It may be indicated in some cases for atopic dermatitis, particularly to help with itching, as well as for uremic skin conditions in hemodialysis patients. It should probably not be used in efforts to enhance immunity as it may be immunosuppressive.
Claims, Benefits: Cures, treats, or prevents practically everything—from rheumatoid arthritis, breast pain, hot flashes, premenstrual syndrome, eczema, and other skin problems to diabetic neuropathy, cancer, high blood cholesterol levels, and heart disease.
Evening primrose, a small yellow wildflower (Oenothera biennis), has been used medicinally for centuries. The oil, pressed from the seed, is rich in linoleic acid, an essential fatty acid (EFA). "Essential" means that we have to consume the nutrient because the body does not produce it. Fortunately, EFAs are plentiful in foods, notably nuts and seeds. These polyunsaturated fats are good fats, unlike the saturated fats that contribute to heart disease.
Evening primrose oil also supplies another fatty acid, known as gamma-linolenic acid, GLA (not to be confused with alpha-linolenic acid, which is one of the omega-3 fatty acids). Borage oil, too, is high in GLA, as is black currant oil. You actually don’t need to consume this particular fatty acid, because your body synthesizes GLA from linoleic acid and converts it to hormone-like chemicals important in processes such as controlling inflammation, clotting the blood, and synthesizing cholesterol. Why buy GLA in a supplement when you make it yourself? Well, according to some proponents, your body doesn’t make enough of it, though no one knows how much is enough. It’s true that some diseases, such as cancer, multiple sclerosis, and diabetes, decrease the ability to convert linoleic acid into GLA, but that does not mean that GLA can be used to treat these diseases.
Science has not neglected evening primrose oil and the fatty acids it contains. A good deal is known about them, but the proposed benefits of the supplements are unproven. You’ll do well to ignore nearly all of the claims. One very small study did show some reduction in LDL ("bad") cholesterol, but there are better ways to accomplish this. A recent review of evidence by the American Board of Family Practice found that evening primrose oil has not been shown to be effective against diabetic neuropathy, despite the claims.
One common use for evening primrose and borage oil is for relieving the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis—the kind that produces inflamed joints (as opposed to osteoarthritis, which is caused by wear and tear on the joints). There is some preliminary evidence that it may help, and the Arthritis Foundation considers it worth trying for rheumatoid arthritis. But you should talk to your doctor first. Fish oil supplements are another option.
Evening Primrose Oil, PMS Relief Formula:Need natural PMS relief? Face breaking out? Need to look your best for an upcoming event? Evening Primrose Oil is famous for working with your body to promote vibrant, healthy skin, nails and hair. Vital for optimum performance of your central nervous system, Evening Primrose Oil will alleviate the aches and pains of PMS, arthritis and over-training. Stop taking drugs to feel better! Stop spending a fortune on beauty products that don’t work! Bring out the best in you by using natural evening primrose oil.
EVENING PRIMROSE OIL HEALTHY SKIN, NAILS & HAIR FORMULA :
Aging Skin, Hair
EVENING PRIMROSE OIL HEALTHY SKIN, NAILS & HAIR FORMULA :
FIGHT PAIN & DISCOMFORT of PMS
Promotes Healthy SKIN, HAIR & NAILS
Ideal for REPLACING BEAUTY PRODUCTS
An essential fatty acid that is vital at the cellular level for central nervous system.
Deficiencies include poor growth, dermatitis, poor reproductive capacity, lower energy utilization, decreased resistance to stress and impairment of lipid transpost.
Promotes healthy skin, weight loss, nail and hair health. Helps PMS, eczema, colds, depression, high blood pressure. Also wonderful to apply directly to the hands & face for moisturizing and softening.
RESEARCH & STUDIES:Dr. David Horrobin started publishing the benefits of the essential fatty acid- Evening Primrose Oil in the early 1980's. Dro Horrobin discovered how primrose oil helped cardiovascular problems, weight loss, inflammatory disease such as arthritis, disorders of the immune system, skin, nail and hair conditions, and premenstrual syndrome (PMS).
Subsequent research has concluded the evening primrose oil helps burn excess calories instead of depositing them as fatty tissue, alleviates as much as 90% of PMS stress and discomfort and symptoms associated with menopause.
A Nobel Prize was awarded for prostaglandis research in 1982.
DOSES & DIRECTIONS:Adults should take 2-3 capsules per day or as directed by physician.
INGREDIENTS:Evening Primrose Oil...500mgs.
* contains not less than 50 mg. of Gamma Linolenic Acid (GLA) and 360 mg. of Linoleic Acid.
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*These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration.
This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease
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