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MelatoninMelatonin is a hormone produced in the pineal gland. The pineal gland is about the size of a pea and is located in the center of the brain .
AHA: Eat a variety of foods daily from all the basic food groups:
Melatonin is secreted at night or in the dark . It is used to regulate the sleeping cycle. It is also found to correlate with a lot of other functions and problems in the body. Because of its many uses, melatonin is being manufactured by pharmaceutical companies as a dietary supplement. People are using it to treat everything from jet lag to cancer. There have been many studies done on the effects of melatonin. The bulk of the studies have been done on the effects of melatonin on sleep and on treating jet-lag. The findings show that melatonin is proven to be an effective sleep aid and also help alleviate jet lag.
Melatonin is a substance that the public is taking without being knowledgeable about its benefits, side or dosage. Many companies manufacture melatonin. There are two kinds of melatonin available, synthetic or natural. It is recommended to take the synthetic time release formula. It is the closer to the molecular make-up of melatonin and is made with pharmaceutical grade ingredients. Natural melatonin may contain animal parts through which viruses and diseases can be carried.
What is being said about melatonin Melatonin and SleepMelatonin is used most frequently for sleeping troubles and jet-lag. By differing the amount of exposure to lightness and darkness, there is a possibility of abrupting the sleep/wake cycle. It is believed this change results from varying levels of melatonin being produced. Taking melatonin is thought to induce sleep. It is found to work best when taken between twenty to forty minutes before bedtime. Low levels of melatonin seem to impede or disrupt sleep . Without rising levels of melatonin in the evening, it is difficult to fall asleep . The peak of melatonin production appears to be at 2:00 a.m. Melatonin levels rise when the sun goes down and decrease after 2:00a.m.. By taking melatonin tablets before bedtime, one can supplement their melatonin levels, making sleep come more easily and sleeping more consistently.
Melatonin and Jet Lag
Melatonin is also used to relieve jet-lag. Jet lag occurs after experiencing rapid, long distance travel through different time zones. Other behaviors that produce symptoms similar to jet lag are working all night shifts, staying up all night and working multiple shifts. All of these behaviors upset the biological clock. Through upsetting the biological clock, a person may experience fatigue, dizziness, loss of ability to think clearly or a headache. The use of melatonin before bedtime is said to help reset your biological clock, therefore relieving symptoms.
Melatonin and the Immune System
It is thought that much repair of the immune system occurs at night, therefore interacting with melatonin. When people are exposed to frequent artificial light and they do not get enough sleep melatonin levels are suppressed. Some forms of cancer are thought to be related to melatonin levels. Melatonin levels of breast and prostate patients are reduced to half the normal levels. In two cases of sarcoidosis, which were not responding to long term treatments, melatonin was used. In between four to five months of being treated with 20mg daily, the symptoms were alleviated.
Melatonin and Age-Related Disorders
Melatonin levels are found to decline with age, leading scientists to believe that lack of melatonin brings about age related disorders. Among the diseases that melatonin is thought to effect are Alzheimer's disease, glucose intolerance, impaired immune function and cancer . In studies done on rats and mice, melatonin was found to increase their life-span by about 20% . There have not been any studies completed on melatonin related to the prolonging of the human life span What studies have proven about melatoninThere have been many studies done on the effects of melatonin on the body over the past few years. Melatonin is most frequently used for the treatment of sleeping problems and in curing jet-lag. Therefore, most studies that have been done on melatonin have been done in these two subject areas. Studies have been done linking melatonin as a cure for other disorders, but there have not been enough studies available to show substantial evidence in melatonin curing other disorders.
Melatonin and sleeping disorders
By differing the amount of exposure to lightness and darkness, there is a possibility of abrupting the sleep/wake cycle. It is shown this change results from varying levels of melatonin being produced. There have been many studies done on the effect that melatonin has on sleep in hopes of treating sleep related disorders. There have not been many products manufactured that do not have a ˘hang over÷ effect and make users feel tired in the morning. Melatonin might be the answer. Many elderly have sleeping disorders whether they are healthy or unhealthy. The melatonin used in the study was controlled release melatonin. Some of the participants were given 2 mg of melatonin for three weeks. Others were given a placebo for three weeks. There was a great improvement in the sleep of those who took the melatonin in comparison to those who took the placebo. The time it took for the subjects to fall asleep was decreased dramatically. The time it took them to wake up was also significantly shorter. All of the subjects were found before hand to have a melatonin deficiency. With the extra grams of melatonin, they slept through the night quite efficiently. This study has lead researchers to believe that the replacement of melatonin in elderly people could increase their ability to sleep. No significant side effects were noted. Elderly people with sleeping problems should look into the benefits of melatonin.
J. E. Jan and other researchers (1994) did a study on the sleeping disorders in children with severe sleep disorders. Most of the subjects were disabled and melatonin was their last hope of giving themselves and their families rest. The fifteen subjects were given 2 to 5 mg or the placebo at bedtime for seven to ten days. The study was a randomized, double-blind, crossover study. The melatonin had a positive effect on most of the children. The phase setting action of melatonin seemed to achieve the desired effects. Some responded after the first dose. Most benefited by the third dose. There were not any side effects noted. The subjects did not have any hangover effects. The researchers found an improved mood in the children. Melatonin has a positive role in the relief of chronic sleep disorders.
Zhdanova (1995) conducted a study of healthy males with normal sleeping habits to determine the effects of melatonin on their sleeping patterns. The study was a double-blind placebo controlled experiment in three phases. All of the males were drug free, did not smoke and had an average diet. The average age of the subject was 26 years old. Zhdanova found that there was a large difference between the effects of melatonin and the placebo. The subjects who had the melatonin took a shorter time to fall asleep than those who had the placebo. The subjects fell asleep around 40 minutes faster than they usually did. The size of the dosage did not seem to matter. The lower dosages of melatonin worked as well as the larger ones. The dosage worked at 1 mg. The best time to administer the dosage was around an hour before bedtime. The subjects did not find any negative side-effects. The melatonin worked well in all cases.
Is melatonin safe? Melatonin is one of the least toxic substances known. The only side effects related with taking a large amount of melatonin are continued drowsiness and a slower reaction time . Many people are discouraged from taking melatonin. People with the symptoms of severe mental illness, severe allergies, auto-immune diseases, or immune system cancers such as leukemia should not be taking melatonin. It is also not recommended during pregnancy or for women who want to conceive. There have not been many significant studies done with this drug. While it appears to be safe, melatonin has not yet been approved by the Food and Drug Administration.
A normal question with any dietary supplement is how much should someone take? There is no answer for this question. One study suggests that a 1.5mg dosage at bedtime would be the best . The appropriate dose can vary enormously form person to person. One doctor has administered doses ranging from .1 mg to 200 mg, and has seen results both ways. Another researcher suggests to begin melatonin treatment with one mg before bedtime. If it does not aid in falling to sleep, increase the dosage. If a user wakes up feeling fatigued or hung over, decrease the dosage. It is agreed upon that it should be taken before bedtime.
Many studies have been done on melatonin's effects on the sleep cycle and on jet-lag. Most of the studies have shown positive results. The individuals experienced very few negative side-effects and found themselves in a better mood because they were well rested. The best dosage of melatonin is yet to be found. Very high doses in women (300mg) have been known to cause some ovarian problems. Too much melatonin can leave the subject drowsy and unalert. It is best to start with a small dosage and slowly increase the dosage until it reaches the desired effects. It is not recommended for anyone who has sever mental illness, severe allergies, auto-immune diseases, or immune system cancers.
Though melatonin seems safe at the moment, it is the new ˘miracle÷ drug that advertisers claim can cure almost anything. The public should use caution and educate themselves on any drug and its effects before they take it. This caution should be used with melatonin.
Experts say the best time of day to take melatonin and how much to take depends on the specific sleep disorder. Taking too much at the wrong time could worsen sleep problems instead of helping them.
Melatonin Natural Night Time Sleep Aid:Get a great nightĺs sleep with Melatonin, natural night time sleep aid relief without the narcotic effects of drugs! Melatonin is a naturally derived disease fighting hormone, proven to keep your body in sync with the demands placed on it by jet lag, from insomnia, travel & stress. Natural sleep aid, and non-habit forming. Recently recognized as an important natural antioxidant contributing to better health beside its jet lag relief & insomnia relief properties. Take Melatonin next time you travel, or try it tonight and feel more rested by morning for a natural night time sleep aid!
NATURAL SLEEP AID MELATONIN:
Ideal for PEOPLE NEEDING BETTER SLEEP
BOOST IMMUNE SYSTME
ALL NATURAL SLEEPING AIDThis hormone is a great all natural alternative to both prescription and over-the-counter sleeping pills.
Melatonin has been shown effective to:
Ease Insomnia Combat Jet Lag Prevent Pregnancy Protection from free-radicals Boost Immune System Prevent Cancer Extend Life
RESEARCH & STUDIES:USA Today: Hyped hormone may be both blessing, curse. December 20, 1995 (date of eletronic version) Life Section cover story.
Newsweek: Melatonin Mania. November 6, 1995 cover story.
The New York Times: The experimental evidence is lacking for melatonin as a cure-all. by Jane E. Brody Sept 27, 1995 pB7 and Debates aside, melatonin can reset the body's clock and help in jet lag or shift work. by Jane E. Brody Sept 27, 1995 pB7.
Health: Overnight sensation: melatonin may cure your insomnia, but will you regret it in the morning? by Benedict Carey Sept 1995 p36(3).
DOSES & DIRECTIONS:Adults should take 1-2 capsules per day or as directed by physician.
INGREDIENTS:1 capsule contains 3 mgs of the hormone Melatonin.
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*These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration.
This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease
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