- move away from the midline
- to move toward the midline
- in the presence of oxygen
- a muscle whose contraction opposes the action of another muscle, its antagonist, which at the same time relaxes
- any bodily or mental disorder
- Alpha Lipoic Acid
- An antioxidant found in the body which helps maintain normal nerve function.
- Amino acid
- an organic compound containing nitrogen, carbon, hydrogen and oxygen; the building block of protein.
- requiring no oxygen to live or grow.
- Angina pectoris
- chest pain due to insufficient blood supply and oxygen to the heart
- the science of the structure of organs or organic beings.
- a muscle that acts in opposition to an agonist or prime mover.
- Compound which neutralizes free radicals or prevents free radical-initiated chemical reactions.
- the front of an organ, part or being, the ventral surface.
- The main arterial vessel
- a reduction in size or wasting away of an organ or cell resulting from disease or lack of use.
- carry oxygenated blood away from the heart.
- hardening and loss of elasticity of the artery wall.
- inflamation of a joint(s).
- Fatty substance build-up on the inner lining of the arteries.
- a bouncing movement using the force of gravity.
- Basal metabolic rate
- the lowest rate of metabolism while at a state of rest.
- two headed.
- affecting two sides.
- Blood pressure
- Force exerted against the heart and blood vessel walls by the blood (systolic and diastolic).
- Body Composition
- percentages of muscle, fat, bone and other tissue that make up the body.
- hard substance that makes the skeletal system.
- muscle mass
- Small blood channels that are the endpoints at which blood/nutrient exchange takes place.
- organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen with the hydrogen and oxygen present 2:1 ratio; 4Kcal/gram.
- Cardiovascular Fitness
- the ability of the heart, blood vessels, blood and respiratory system to supply oxygen to the muscles during sustained exercise.
- Dense connective tissue that covers the joint surfaces of bones.
- Subcutaneous fat (adipose tissue).
- Fatty substance that can accumilate inside tissues.
- condition resulting from the wearing away of the back of the patella (kneecap)
- shortening of the muscle due to contraction.
- refering to the heart.
- pressure on the arterial wall during the resting phase of a heartbeat.
- furthest from the center or midpoint of a limb structure.
- pertaining to the back; posterior.
- motion where there is a controlled lengthening of the muscle during its contraction.
- Thin body type.
- swelling due to abnormal fluid accumulation.
- Rounder, higher fat body build.
- Natural chemical released by the body during vigorous exercise.
- movement that increases the angle between bones.
- a muscle acting to immobilize a joint or a bone; fixes the origin of prime movers so that muscle action can be exerted at the insertion.
- fibrous tissue covering the muscle
- is the range of motion available in a joint.
- bending; the movement that decreases the angle between bones.
- breaking of a bone.
- the science of heredity.
- Hamstring muscles
- the posterior thigh muscles: biceps femoris, semimembranosus and semitendinosus.
- A four chamber, muscular organ that pumps blood through the body.
- high density lipoprotein - cholesterol
- disease, indisposition, sickness
- to turn inward.
- type of contraction where the speed of movement is fixed and resistance varies with the force exerted.
- contraction of a muscle against an immovable force.
- muscle contraction where tension is equal throughout the range of motion.
- Lactic acid
- chemical produced by cells during exercise when there is an insufficient supply of oxygen.
- away from the midline of the body.
- a band or sheetlike fibrous tissue connecting bones or parts.
- group of fatty acids stored by the body.
- low density lipoprotein - cholesterol
- Lumbar curve
- specific area of the lower back comprised of 5 vertebrae that form a curve.
- Maximum heart rate
- maximum allowable heart rate. MHR=220-Age
- toward the midline of the body.
- Metabolic rate
- the energy expended by the body per unit time.
- the sum total of the chemical reactions that occur in the body.
- Muscular Endurance
- ability of the muscles to repeatedly exert themselves.
- excessive fat; women-30% or more body fat; men-20% or more
- the kneecap.
- the science of the functions of organic beings
- pertaining to the sole of the foot.
- pertaining to the back; dorsal view.
- lying face down in a horizontal position.
- Muscles working together to create a certain movement.
- toward the attached end of a limb or the origin of a structure.
- nutrient comprised of nitrogen, oxygen, carbon and hydrogen. 4 Kcal/gram.
- having to do with the lungs or lung tissue.
- Rotator cuff
- four intrinsic muscles of the shoulder responsible for arm rotation and keeping the humerus in the glenoid fossa.
- Saturated fats
- hydronated fat
- position held with no movement
- the ability to move an external force or to lift a heavy object.
- a muscle cooperating with another to produce a movement neither alone can produce.
- blood pressure on the artery wall during heart contraction.
- Target heart rate
- 60-80% of the MHR; exercise training zone.
- a band of dense fibrous tissue forming the termination of a muscle and attaching the muscle to bone.
- decrease in blood vessel diameter.
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